Burnout is a syndrome characterized by depersonalization, emotional exhaustion and a sense of low personal accomplishment that leads to decreased effectiveness at work. This phenomenon has been increasingly recognized among medical students, residents and physicians-in-practice and has been shown to negatively impact career satisfaction and patient outcomes and has more recently been linked to physician suicides. Medical students are at risk for burnout during their medical education. Burnout may influence specialty choice and impact the affected individual’s perception of work-life balance. Up to 76% of residents have been shown to meet criteria for burnout and those respondents believe they provided suboptimal patient care. Physician burnout experts at the American Medical Association and the Mayo Clinic conducted a survey of 6,880 physicians to “evaluate the prevalence of burnout and physicians’ satisfaction with work-life balance compared to the general U.S. population relative to 2011 and 2014.” According to the study, which was recently published in Mayo Clinic Proceedings, at the time of that study, approximately 45% of U.S. physicians met criteria for burnout. When a follow-up survey was conducted in 2014, 54.4% of physicians reported at least one sign of burnout. Physicians also reported lower rates of satisfaction with work-life balance in 2014 compared to a similar sample of physicians in 2011. All physicians in the study were assessed using questions on the Maslach Burnout Inventory. Increased stress and burnout also lead to health consequences, including chronic headaches, hypertension, depression, and anxiety. The data regarding the negative impact of burnout are alarming and sound a clear bell for the need for effective interventions to promote resilience and wellness among physicians and physicians-in-training. This presentation addresses burnout among physicians, focusing on psychiatrists at different levels of training, and discusses strategies, methods, and programs to reduce burnout and promote resilience and wellness, including self-help, mindfulness, meditation, nutritional interventions, and cognitive-behavioral techniques.
**This content was captured at the 2017 APA Annual Meeting and may reference information from various sources and terminology from previous editions of the DSM.
Additional resources on physician burnout are available at www.psychiatry.org/burnout.
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- Describe the concept and definition of burnout
- Identify specific empirically supported techniques that individuals can learn to reduce physician burnout.
- Describe what things organizations can do to reduce physician burnout
Estimated Time to Complete
Estimated Duration: 30 minutes
Begin Date: February 1, 2018
End Date: December 31, 2020
How to Earn Credit
Participants who wish to earn AMA PRA Category 1 Credit ™ or a certificate of participation may do so by completing all sections of the course including the evaluation. A multiple choice quiz is provided based on the content. A passing score of 100% must be achieved. Retakes are available for the test. After evaluating the program, course participants will be provided with an opportunity to claim hours of participation and print an official CME certificate (physicians) or certificate of participation (non-physicians) showing the completion date and hours earned.
The American Psychiatric Association (APA) is accredited by the Accreditation Council for Continuing Medical Education (ACCME) to provide continuing medical education for physicians.
The APA designates this enduring CME activity for a maximum of 0.5 AMA PRA Category 1 Credit™. Physicians should claim only the credit commensurate with the extent of their participation in the activity.
Faculty and Planner Disclosures
- Eva Szigethy, M.D., Ph.D., University of Pittsburgh. Disclosures: (Consultant/Advisory Board) AbbVie Pharmaceutical, iHope Network; (Speakers Bureau/Speaker Honoraria) Immedex, Cornerstone, Klingenstein Foundation; (Grant/Research Support) Crohns and Colitis Foundation
- Tristan Gorrindo, M.D., Director of Education, American Psychiatric Association. Reports no financial relationships with commercial interests.
- Ricardo A. Juarez, M.S., Director, District Branch and International Relations, American Psychiatric Association. Reports no financial relationships with commercial interests.
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