Depression and anxiety are common in pregnancy and in the postpartum period. Untreated psychiatric illness during and after pregnancy has been associated with adverse effects on the mother and the baby. Despite this, many women are either undertreated, or untreated, as doctors may be hesitant to recommend medications to pregnant or lactating mothers. Subsequently, women may not be well informed of the risks and benefits associated with the use of taking medications during pregnancy.
**This content was captured at the 2015 APA Annual Meeting and may reference information from various sources and terminology from previous editions of the DSM.
Please note the following updates since the presentation of this information at the 2015 APA Annual Meeting:
- Peripartum: DSM-5 includes “peripartum” onset as a specifier for “Major Depressive Disorders” that can be applied to the current or, if full criteria are not currently met for a major depressive episode, most recent episode of major depression if onset of mood symptoms occurs during pregnancy or in the 4 weeks following delivery. Fifty percent of “postpartum” major depressive episodes actually begin prior to delivery and are therefore referred to collectively as peripartum episodes. For more information on peripartum and postpartum onset specifiers, please reference the DSM-5 (pp. 186-187).
- PLLR Rule: Effective June 30, 2015, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) issued the final “Pregnancy and Lactation Labeling Rule” (PLLR) to replace the product letter categories – A, B, C, D and X – used to classify the risks of using prescription drugs during pregnancy. For more information on PLLR, please visit the FDA website “Pregnancy and Lactation Labeling (Drugs) Final Rule.”
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- Discuss the impact of untreated depression and anxiety disorders in pregnancy and postpartum
- Summarize data on the safety of antidepressant/anxiolytic medication use in pregnancy and lactation
- Discuss treatment decision-making to help guide the practitioner and educate the patient
Estimated Time to Complete
Estimated Duration: 0.5 hours
Program Start: May 1, 2016
Program End: May 1, 2022
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Faculty and Planner Disclosures
- Madeleine Becker, M.D., Thomas Jefferson University Hospital. Reports no financial relationships with commercial interests. Reports no financial relationships with commercial interests.
- Tristan Gorrindo, M.D., Director of Education, American Psychiatric Association. Reports no financial relationships with commercial interests
- Ranna Parekh, M.D., M.P.H., Director of Division of Diversity and Health Equity. Reports no financial relationships with commercial interests.
- Jon Fanning, M.S., C.A.E., Chief of Membership and RFM-ECP, American Psychiatric Association. Reports no financial relationships with commercial interests
- Stephanie Auditore, J.D., Director of Member Product Developmpent, Engagement & Portfolio Management, American Psychiatric Association. Reports no financial relationships with commercial interests
- Ricardo A. Juarez, M.S., Associate Director, Office of International Affairs, American Psychiatric Association. Reports no financial relationships with commercial interests
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