The Past Is Never Dead, It's Not Even Past: Implications of the Legacies of American Slavery and Genocide for Therapeutic Practice and Treatment
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Expires on Jul 29, 2025
Credit Offered
1 CME Credit
1 COP Credit

Available: 07/29/2022 - 07/29/2025


FREE - $0
Funding for the Striving for Excellence Series was made possible by Grant No. H79FG000591 from SAMHSA of the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services (HHS). The contents are those of the author(s) and do not necessarily represent the official views of, nor an endorsement, by SAMHSA/HHS, or the U.S. Government.   

Slavery and Native American genocide were justified and perpetuated by the cultural belief in White racial superiority that evolved in colonial America. This belief did not end with the abolition of slavery or the end of the physical elimination of Native peoples – the past has not passed. Racism and its multigenerational traumatic outcomes are the most significant and far-reaching legacy of the slave trade, slavery, and efforts to eliminate Native peoples.


Recorded webinar, non-interactive, self-paced distance learning activity.

This presentation was recorded on July 28, 2022.

Learning Objectives

  • Describe the role that racism might play in compromising the mental health and well-being of patients and clients that are not currently the foci of counseling, treatment, and education. 
  • Develop ways to address self and racial hatred and white supremacy in counseling and treatment.  
  • Identify the social-psychological outcomes of racism as a community mental health challenge. 

Target Audience

Psychiatrist, Psychologist, Physician (non-psychiatrist), Physician Assistant, Medical students and other mental health professionals    

Estimated Time to Complete

Estimated Duration: 60 minutes
Begin Date: July 29, 2022
End Date: July 29, 2025 

How to Earn Credit

Participants who wish to earn AMA PRA Category 1 Credit ™ or a certificate of participation may do so by completing all sections of the course including the evaluation. After evaluating the program, course participants will be provided with an opportunity to claim hours of participation and print an official CME certificate (physicians) or certificate of participation (non-physicians) showing the completion date and hours earned. 

Continuing Education Credit

The American Psychiatric Association (APA) is accredited by the Accreditation Council for Continuing Medical Education (ACCME) to provide continuing medical education for physicians. 

The APA designates this enduring CME activity for a maximum of 1 AMA PRA Category 1 Credits™. Physicians should claim only the credit commensurate with the extent of their participation in the activity.

Faculty and Planner Disclosures

The American Psychiatric Association adheres to the ACCME’s Standards for Integrity and Independence in Accredited Continuing Medical Education. Any individuals in a position to control the content of a CME activity — including faculty, planners, reviewers or others — are required to disclose all relevant financial relationships with ineligible entities (commercial interests). All relevant conflicts of interest have been mitigated prior to the commencement of the activity.     

Program Presenters

  • Benjamin P. Bowser is Emeritus Professor of Sociology, California State University East Bay (Ph.D. Cornell University).  As a sociologist, he specializes in research methods, public health, and community assessments.  He served on three Institute of Medicine (National Academy of Science) expert panels on drug abuse and HIV risk and authored forty peer-reviewed papers and chapters.  His books related to his presentation are The Transatlantic Slave Trade and Slave: and New Directions in Teaching and Learning (2012), and The Black Middle Class: Mobility and Vulnerabilities (2007).  Dr. Bowser is a past President of the Association of Black Sociologists (2004), was a visiting professor at the University of Paris (2005), and is a member of  AAHGS. Dr. Bowser has no financial relationships to disclose.  

Program Planners

  • Ebony Harris, MS, Associate Director of Online Learning, American Psychiatric Association. Reports no financial relationships with commerical interests.

Accessibility for Participants with Disabilities

The American Psychiatric Association is committed to ensuring accessibility of its website to people with disabilities. If you have trouble accessing any of APA’s online resources, please contact us at 202-559-3900 for assistance.

Technical Requirements

This internet-based CME activity is best experienced using any of the following:

  • The latest and 2nd latest public versions of Google Chrome, Mozilla Firefox, or Safari
  • Internet Explorer 11+

This Web site requires that JavaScript and session cookies be enabled. Certain activities may require additional software to view multimedia, presentation, or printable versions of the content. These activities will be marked as such and will provide links to the required software. That software may be: Adobe Acrobat Reader, Microsoft PowerPoint, and Windows Media Player.

Optimal System Configuration:

  • Browser: Google Chrome (latest and 2nd latest version), Safari (latest and 2nd latest version), Internet Explorer 11.0+, Firefox (latest and 2nd latest version), or Microsoft Edge (latest and 2nd latest version)
  • Operating System: Windows versions 8.1+, Mac OS X 10.5 (Leopard) +, Android (latest and 2nd latest version), or iOS/iPad OS (latest and 2nd latest version)
  • Internet Connection: 1 Mbps or higher

Minimum Requirements:

  • Windows PC: Windows 8.1 or higher; 1 GB (for 32-bit)/2 GB (for 64-bit) or higher RAM; Microsoft DirectX 9 graphics device with WDDM driver; audio playback with speakers for programs with video content
  • Macintosh: Mac OS X 10.5 or higher with latest updates installed; Intel, PowerPC G5, or PowerPC G4 (867MHz or faster) processor; 512 MB or higher RAM; audio playback with speakers for programs with video content

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