Risk Management Considerations with Supervisory, Collaborative and Consultative Relationships
Image For Activity Cover
Expires on 01/01/2027
Member: $0.00
Non-Member: $25.00
Medical Student: $0.00
Resident Fellow Member: $0.00
Credit Offered
1 CME Credit
1 COP Credit

There are three traditional split or shared treatment roles in psychiatry: consultative, supervisory, and collaborative. This presentation will address the risks associated with each role, the importance of understanding the state and federal laws and regulations pertaining to the formation of doctor-patient relationships, providing consultations, and acting in the role of a supervisor, and uses case examples to illustrate the different shared treatment models and to identify risk mitigation strategies to reduce liability exposure.

Course References

  • Raney L, Williams M, Gibson P, Salter T. Consultative Approaches to Leveraging the Psychiatric Workforce for Larger Populations in Need of Psychiatric Expertise. Psychiatry Serv. 2020 Oct 1; 71 (10):1084-1087. Consultative Approaches to Leveraging the Psychiatric Workforce for Larger Populations in Need of Psychiatric Expertise | Psychiatric Services (psychiatryonline.org)
  • Resource Document on Across State line Psychiatric Consultation Considerations: Addendum to Risk Management and Liability Issues in Integrated Care Models. Resource Document Template (psychiatry.org)
  • APA Resource Document: Guidelines for Psychiatrists in Consultative, Supervisory, or Collaborative Relationships with Nonphysician Clinicians. (2009). (Last Accessed February 2021) Psychiatry.org - Guidelines for psychiatrists in consultative, supervisory or collaborative relationships with

Educational Objectives

  • Describe the types of roles in split treatment: Supervisory, Consultative and Collaborative relationships with other professionals and the liability issues involved.
  • Identify the potential malpractice issues associated with each of the three types of roles.
  • Discuss case examples when working with other providers in the care and treatment of patients.
  • Apply risk reduction strategies with each of the three roles.  

Target Audience

Psychiatrists, Residents/Fellows

Estimated Time to Complete

Estimated Duration: 60 minutes
Program Start Date: January 1, 2024
Program End Date: January 1, 2027

How to Earn Credit

Participants who wish to earn AMA PRA Category 1 Credit ™ or a certificate of participation may do so by completing all sections of the course including the evaluation. After evaluating the program, course participants will be provided with an opportunity to claim hours of participation and print an official CME certificate showing the date of completion and hours earned. 

Continuing Education Credit

In support of improving patient care, this activity has been planned and implemented by American Psychiatric Association (APA) and American Professional Agency, Inc. APA is jointly accredited by the American Council for Continuing Medical Education (ACCME), the Accreditation Council for Pharmacy Education (ACPE), and the American Nurses Credentialing Center (ANCC), to provide continuing education for the healthcare team.

The APA designates this enduring material for a maximum of 1 AMA PRA Category 1 Credit™. Physicians should claim only the credit commensurate with the extent of their participation in the activity.

Faculty and Planner Disclosures

The American Psychiatric Association adheres to the ACCME’s Standards for Integrity and Independence in Accredited Continuing Medical Education. Any individuals in a position to control the content of a CME activity — including faculty, planners, reviewers or others — are required to disclose all relevant financial relationships with ineligible entities (commercial interests). All relevant conflicts of interest have been mitigated prior to the commencement of the activity.


  • Cara Staus, CPHRM, FASHRM, Assistant Vice President Risk Management Group. Reports no financial relationships with commercial interests. 

Program Planners:

  • Jennifer Hackett, AVP, Risk Managment Group, AWAC Services. Reports no financial relationships with commercial interests. 
  • Rajesh Tampi, MD, MS, Professor (Tenured) and Chairman, Department of Psychiatry, Creighton University School of Medicine. Reports no financial relationships with commercial interests. 

Accessibility for Participants with Disabilities

The American Psychiatric Association is committed to ensuring accessibility of its website to people with disabilities. If you have trouble accessing any of APA’s online resources, please contact us at 202-559-3900 for assistance.

Technical Requirements

This internet-based CME activity is best experienced using any of the following:

  • The latest and 2nd latest public versions of Google Chrome, Mozilla Firefox, or Safari
  • Internet Explorer 11+

This Web site requires that JavaScript and session cookies be enabled. Certain activities may require additional software to view multimedia, presentation, or printable versions of the content. These activities will be marked as such and will provide links to the required software. That software may be: Adobe Flash, Adobe Acrobat Reader, Microsoft PowerPoint, and Windows Media Player.

Optimal System Configuration:

  • Browser: Google Chrome (latest and 2nd latest version), Safari (latest and 2nd latest version), Internet Explorer 11.0+, Firefox (latest and 2nd latest version), or Microsoft Edge (latest and 2nd latest version)
  • Operating System: Windows versions 8.1+, Mac OS X 10.5 (Leopard) +, Android (latest and 2nd latest version), or iOS/iPad OS (latest and 2nd latest version)
  • Internet Connection: 1 Mbps or higher

Minimum Requirements:

  • Windows PC: Windows 8.1 or higher; 1 GB (for 32-bit)/2 GB (for 64-bit) or higher RAM; Microsoft DirectX 9 graphics device with WDDM driver; audio playback with speakers for programs with video content
  • Macintosh: Mac OS X 10.5 or higher with latest updates installed; Intel, PowerPC G5, or PowerPC G4 (867MHz or faster) processor; 512 MB or higher RAM; audio playback with speakers for programs with video content

For assistance: Contact educme@psych.org for questions about this activity | Contact learningcenter@psych.org for technical assistance

Powered By