How Did We End Up Here? Racism & the Root Cause of Mental Health Disparities
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Expires on Sep 16, 2024
Credit Offered
1 CME Credit
1 COP Credit

This webinar provides a context for current racial disparities in mental health and mental health care by summarizing the history of racism in medicine and psychiatry. It also reviews the source of so-called risk factors that disproportionately affect communities of color. Psychiatrists will understand the influence of biases and be encouraged to examine their role in both the field of psychiatry and their own clinical practice. Also discussed are skills for engaging with patients on issues of race and racism in a realistic, respectful way. 


Recorded webinar, non-interactive, self-paced distance learning activity.

This presentation was recorded on August 19, 2021.

Learning Objectives

  • Analyze racism-related trauma and its effects on the mental health of African Americans.
  • Review examples of implicit bias and systemic racism in medical and psychiatry history and their impact on patient interactions
  • Develop speaking skills for engaging in dialogue regarding race, racism, and implicit bias with patients and colleagues.

Target Audience

Physician (Non-psychiatrist), Physician Assistant, Psychiatrist, Psychologist, medical students, and other mental health professionals 

Instructional Level


Estimate Time to Complete

Estimated Duration: 1.0 hour
Program Start Date: September 16, 2021 
Program End Date: September 16, 2024

How to Earn Credit

Participants who wish to earn AMA PRA Category 1 Credit™ or a certificate of participation may do so by viewing the live presentation and completing the evaluation. After evaluating the program, course participants will be provided with an opportunity to claim hours of participation and print an official CME certificate (physicians) or certificate of participation (other disciplines) showing the event date and hours earned. 

Continuing Education Credit


The American Psychiatric Association (APA) is accredited by the Accreditation Council for Continuing Medical Education (ACCME) to provide continuing medical education for physicians. The APA designates this live event for a maximum of 1.0 AMA PRA Category 1 Credits™. Physicians should claim only the credit commensurate with the extent of their participation in the activity. 

Faculty and Planner Disclosures

All financial relationships relevant to this activity have been mitigated.


  • Akeem Marsh ,MD, has dedicated his career to working with children and families of medically neglected communities. He currently serves as the Assistant Medical Director of the Home for Integrated Behavioral Health of The New York Foundling and as a member of the Verywell Mind Review Board. He also holds a faculty appointment as a Clinical Assistant Professor of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry at the New York University Grossman School of Medicine. Dr. Marsh is board-certified in both general and child & adolescent psychiatry. He received his Bachelor of Science degree from the Sophie Davis School of Biomedical Education at the City College of New York and earned his Medical Doctorate from the SUNY Health Science Center at Brooklyn/Downstate College of Medicine. He completed both his residency in general psychiatry and his fellowship in child and adolescent psychiatry at the Zucker School of Medicine at Hofstra/Northwell. Dr. Marsh is a Fellow of the American Psychiatric Association and a general member of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry (AACAP). He also serves as a member of the Board of Directors of the New York Council on Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and on the editorial board of the organization’s newsletter.
  • Lara Cox, MD, is an attending psychiatrist with the Bellevue Juvenile Justice Mental Health Service, providing clinical care to youth in both secure and nonsecure juvenile detention in New York City. She has a dual appointment as a Clinical Assistant Professor in the Department of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and the Division of Forensic Psychiatry at the New York University Grossman School of Medicine. She completed her adult psychiatry residency, in addition to her child and adolescent psychiatry and forensic psychiatry fellowships, at NYU. Dr. Cox is board-certified in general, child and adolescent, and forensic psychiatry. She earned her medical degree and a master's degree in clinical research from the University of Pittsburgh, after graduating from Kenyon College with a bachelor's degree with high honors in neuroscience and psychology. She maintains membership in the American Psychiatric Association, the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, and the American Academy of Psychiatry and the Law.


  • Nitin Gogtay, M.D., APA Chief of Research, Reports no financial relationships with commercial interests. 

Accessibility for Participants with Disabilities

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Technical Requirements

This internet-based CME activity is best experienced using any of the following:

  • The latest and 2nd latest public versions of Google Chrome, Mozilla Firefox, or Safari
  • Internet Explorer 11+

This website requires that JavaScript and session cookies be enabled. Certain activities may require additional software to view multimedia, presentation, or printable versions of the content. These activities will be marked as such and will provide links to the required software. That software may be: Adobe Acrobat Reader, Microsoft PowerPoint, and Windows Media Player.

Optimal System Configuration:

  • Browser: Google Chrome (latest and 2nd latest version), Safari (latest and 2nd latest version), Internet Explorer 11.0+, Firefox (latest and 2nd latest version), or Microsoft Edge (latest and 2nd latest version)
  • Operating System: Windows versions 8.1+, Mac OS X 10.5 (Leopard) +, Android (latest and 2nd latest version), or iOS/iPad OS (latest and 2nd latest version)
  • Internet Connection: 1 Mbps or higher

Minimum Requirements:

  • Windows PC: Windows 8.1 or higher; 1 GB (for 32-bit)/2 GB (for 64-bit) or higher RAM; Microsoft DirectX 9 graphics device with WDDM driver; audio playback with speakers for programs with video content
  • Macintosh: Mac OS X 10.5 or higher with latest updates installed; Intel, PowerPC G5, or PowerPC G4 (867MHz or faster) processor; 512 MB or higher RAM; audio playback with speakers for programs with video content

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